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What Would Happen If Humans Tried To Land On Jupiter

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The best way to explore a new world is to land on it. That's why humans have sent spacecraft to the Moon, Venus, Mars, Saturn's moon, Titan, and more. But there are a few places in the solar system we will never understand as well as we'd like. One of them is Jupiter. Jupiter is made of mostly hydrogen and helium gas. So, trying to land on it would be like trying to land on a cloud here on Earth. There's no outer crust to break your fall on Jupiter. Just an endless stretch of atmosphere. The big question, then, is: Could you fall through one end of Jupiter and out the other? It turns out, you wouldn't even make it halfway. Here’s what would happen if you tried to land on Jupiter. *It's important to note that we feature the Lunar Lander for the first half of the descent. In reality, the Lunar Lander is relatively delicate compared to, say, NASA's Orion spacecraft. Therefore, the Lunar Lander would not be used for a mission to land on any world that contains an atmosphere, including Jupiter. However, any spacecraft, no matter how robust, would not survive for long in Jupiter, so the Lunar Lander is as good of a choice as any for this hypothetical scenario. First things first, Jupiter's atmosphere has no oxygen. So make sure you bring plenty with you to breathe. The next problem is the scorching temperatures. So pack an air conditioner. Now, you're ready for a journey of epic proportions. For scale, here's how many Earths you could stack from Jupiter's center. As you enter the top of the atmosphere, you're be traveling at 110,000 mph under the pull of Jupiter's gravity. But brace yourself. You'll quickly hit the denser atmosphere below, which will hit you like a wall. It won't be enough to stop you, though. After about 3 minutes you'll reach the cloud tops 155 miles down. Here, you'll experience the full brunt of Jupiter's rotation. Jupiter is the fastest rotating planet in our solar system. One day lasts about 9.5 Earth hours. This creates powerful winds that can whip around the planet at more than 300 mph. About 75 miles below the clouds, you reach the limit of human exploration. The Galileo probe made it this far when it dove into Jupiter's atmosphere in 1995. It only lasted 58 minutes before losing contact and was eventually destroyed by the crushing pressures. Down here, the pressure is nearly 100 times what it is at Earth's surface.  And you won't be able to see anything, so you'll have to rely on instruments to explore your surroundings. By 430 miles down, the pressure is 1,150 times higher. You might survive down here if you were in a spacecraft built like the Trieste submarine — the deepest diving submarine on Earth. Any deeper and the pressure and temperature will be too great for a spacecraft to endure. However, let's say you could find a way to descend even farther. You will uncover some of Jupiter’s grandest mysteries.But, sadly, you'll have no way to tell anyone. Jupiter's deep atmosphere absorbs radio waves, so you'll be shut off from the outside world— unable to communicate. Once you've reached 2,500 miles down, the temperature is 6,100 ºF.  That's hot enough to melt tungsten, the metal with the highest melting point in the Universe. At this point, you will have been falling for at least 12 hours. And you won't even be halfway through. At 13,000 miles down, you reach Jupiter's innermost layer. Here the pressure is 2 million times stronger than at Earth's surface. And the temperature is hotter than the surface of the sun. These conditions are so extreme they change the chemistry of the hydrogen around you. Hydrogen molecules are forced so close together that their electrons break lose, forming an unusual substance called metallic hydrogen. Metallic hydrogen is highly reflective. So, if you tried using lights to see down here it would be impossible. And it's as dense as a rock. So, as you travel deeper, the buoyancy force from the metallic hydrogen counteracts gravity's downward pull.  Eventually, that buoyancy will shoot you back up until gravity pulls you back down, sort of like a yo-yo. And when those two forces equal, you'll be left free-floating in mid-Jupiter, unable to move up or down, and no way to escape! Suffice it say, trying to land on Jupiter is a bad idea. We may never see what's beneath those majestic clouds. But we can still study and admire this mysterious planet from afar. Tech Insider tells you all you need to know about tech: gadgets, how-to's, gaming, science, digital culture, and more. Subscribe to our channel and visit us at: http://www.businessinsider.com/sai TI on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/techinsider TI on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/tech_insider/ TI on Twitter: https://twitter.com/techinsider

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Text Comments (9880)
Shemiah Barsabal (1 day ago)
landing on jupiter, thats dangerous!. thats do many gas on jupiter.
matt c (1 day ago)
laughed so hard at him trying to suggest that buoyancy and gravity would reach equilibrium in the center causing you to float in the core. Buoyancy has nothing to do with it..... try gravity counteracting gravity. Gravity always pulls to the core in all directions. Why do people still think you could fall through gas giant and pop out the other side. Never mind the fact that there is a solid core just due to gravity. Did we all forget that gases become liquid and then solid as pressure increases. Boyle's law grade 10 science. Common people. Of course Jupiter has a solid surface. The pressure at the core would turn any gas solid.
Emmanuel Basanu (1 day ago)
A scp 2399
Sha Ron MAX (2 days ago)
What an interesting planet
Kirsten Jade (2 days ago)
Great video !!
Ja KarMa (2 days ago)
Send a nuke on it and see what happens
yenson choy (3 days ago)
oh i already know
meelustrike (3 days ago)
Send a robot that will send images back and will explode after it sends information
Luca Felcher (3 days ago)
Luca Felcher (3 days ago)
Luca Felcher (3 days ago)
Luca Felcher (3 days ago)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDE_Gbw8O48&t=0s freebooting
Ezlax (3 days ago)
3:04 tungsten the metal with the highest metal point in the universe? I'm pretty sure that he meant earth since we have it on earth. There must be something in the universe WAAAAAY stronger...
RaunA RocK (4 days ago)
But its our defender from astroid..😅
starving student (4 days ago)
so hell is literally Jupiter floating in nowhere and burning forever in fire.
Darth Vestius (4 days ago)
"Hal, open the pod bay doors" "Sorry Dave, I can not. You have jeopardized the mission"
Danish Irfan (5 days ago)
Boo jupiter
Brandon Miller (5 days ago)
Jupiter is terrifying
Andrew Botha (6 days ago)
Asthecal Switch (6 days ago)
Instead of saying to someone “Go to hell” rather say “Go to Jupiter”
Fahim N (7 days ago)
After watching this video, I have to cancel my trip to Jupiter.
Julian Marco (7 days ago)
Maybe Jupiter is a forming sun like in the movie 2010 movie. It's just waiting to turn into a new sun one day.
Syed Shahrukh (8 days ago)
i thought jupiter had land
morganucn1 (8 days ago)
So what's at the center? Can't be any physical material as too hot. Also what's at the center of the sun? How can it keep going.
Awesomelonebomber 69 (10 days ago)
I wanna go to saturn! John cena says Are you sure about that?
LynxAttack (10 days ago)
You’d die.
You have gave me an important information
Ginga Ninja o (11 days ago)
Another thing is that Jupiter suck's anything near it but its moon's
Dan Chen (11 days ago)
Sounds like a great place to dump trash
Dave G (12 days ago)
this is quite impressive... but well, this is "only" Jupiter, in our solar system. Imagine the wonders of the rest of the universe...
Jennah 040706 (15 days ago)
earth is safest planet
Beatriz Garlaschi (15 days ago)
ya thats true boy
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Shakam RaishLahab (16 days ago)
How do you know this
Renee Wilson (16 days ago)
That just ruined my dreams of cloud city
DJPLAZ YT (17 days ago)
LOL (17 days ago)
The hottest Sailor Heroine.
Jakob Yakubik (17 days ago)
If bayou tried to land in jupiter, you get more stupider
Pro-_-Default 13 (17 days ago)
Can u imagine that the fact that hell is million times hotter than Jupiter.😭 may god prevent everyone from hellfire
Kaytama Gordon (17 days ago)
I am excited about my journey I wonder where it will take me.
Emily Rose (18 days ago)
The more I watch these videos, the more in awe I am of Earth, man I love earth ❤️🌎
iSnipz (18 days ago)
How do you know this, this has to be theories right? Cuz nobody's being so far, riiiiight?
Jay Holland (18 days ago)
😂😂 how we know if we never been?
Who Cares (18 days ago)
holy shiat! lol 😬
We Are plastic (19 days ago)
Yes it hell? Could it bev
BẾP NHỎ TV (19 days ago)
Lukesword (19 days ago)
You’d die from hurricanes and sandstorms. There’s the answer, no need to watch the video.
Karnid O (19 days ago)
Let’s nuke it
No its only imagination . Jupitar have atmosphere
foreverkurome (19 days ago)
Since jupiter is a gas giant it's probably not dense enough to support anything landing on it so you'd probably just fall through it... fast because it's big so its gravitational pull is pretty strong though not as strong as you'd think because of its density... someone blow a giant cosmic sized soap bubble. :)
saturn0660 (19 days ago)
I’ll save you 5 minutes... NO, you can’t land there.
Hallphamazing305 (20 days ago)
Can someone survive a fall from space to the ocean?
Alex Malcolm (20 days ago)
Why the hell would we try that when we know that there’s a massive storm on Jupiter
Vegeta (20 days ago)
That planet is probably populated by fire dragons living in sulfur.
Sumandhan Akshith (20 days ago)
Why can't it just become a star
Dawgdawg (20 days ago)
So lets go?
kush oraon (20 days ago)
Its a hell ..
XnS (21 days ago)
i hope someone can answer this small question that always bothered me. When Rock/Comet land into Jupiter they are just crushed to dust and remain inside? we dont know if Jupiter have a solid core from all those asteroids dust merged?
Andrew L (21 days ago)
how do they know that?
Young Boy (21 days ago)
People ask why we don’t land on the moon anymore BECAUSE THE MOON LANDINGS ARE EXTREMELY DANGEROUS
Dan Attles (21 days ago)
My thing is...how is there so much information if no one has ever been? Can we truly depend on technology for this? I feel a lot of it is a "guesstimation"
Danny Branderson (21 days ago)
What's would happen if a human took a shit on Mars okpeaceoutbi
Berk Cetin (21 days ago)
Im going there.
Nathaniel Summer (21 days ago)
So Diamond is made of Carbon that is super compressed. Scientists believe that the core of Jupiter is made out of carbon. and since Jupiter's gravity is so immense, there is possibility that a giant diamond is at the center of the planet.
youyoutobio (21 days ago)
maybe one day... who knows?
pelos 26 (21 days ago)
well that was scarier than neptune
Deepak Goswami (21 days ago)
I have cancelled my plan to visit jupiter after watching this video. Now I am taking care my own planet .
Dømïñïç Nïttï (21 days ago)
So is Jupiter hell? Haha
Michael Tan (22 days ago)
Is that the Astronaut from Moonbase Alpha? Just imagine him screaming “AEEEEEEEEIIIIIIIIIIIIOOOOOOOOOOOUUUUUUUS”.
TheSisicool (22 days ago)
Wow. I've always wondered how to land on the gas giants.
Ruleson (22 days ago)
So basically jupiter is a clowd
Freeshot Jack (22 days ago)
Forget this, we need to focus on T Series
hemsfa victor (22 days ago)
did that astronaut guy survive?
마카롱 (23 days ago)
dave roberts must go jupiter!!!!!!
w3ndigirl (23 days ago)
How did they know this? Have they tried landing in the jupiter?
tejas banode (23 days ago)
Legend has it, that astronaut is still being a yo-yo...
tejas banode (23 days ago)
Blow jupiter with a DEATH STAR then we can see what's inside... lol
Jascha Bull (23 days ago)
So, realistically, anything organic that went there would end up a diamond, right? I seem to remember being told that would be the case for smaller planets like Uranus, would that apply to the other gas giants too?
Soundtrack from Osiris: New Dawn! Recognized it instantly. Excellent choice.
animeX kawaii (23 days ago)
Okay long story short. Going to Jupiter or Saturn.....is suicide.
Daniel B (23 days ago)
He landed in a way.
Joao Oliveira (23 days ago)
Adorable Squad :3 (23 days ago)
Wow, I only thought Jupiter was a gas or something. But it's really interesting...
noctis lucis caelum (23 days ago)
Jupiter = Korea
Danya Hassan (23 days ago)
Space is scary; Amazing, but terrifying
TBM - Gameplays (23 days ago)
I have this fear in which I imagine me going in to any unknown planet (example Jupiter) and not be able to see ANYTHING like NOTHING except harsh winds and your spacecraft is spinning uncontrollably and u are lost in the endless abyss........ Until BOOM the whole world just disappears.............
IvanMcoolYT (24 days ago)
What if Earth was as big as Jupiter. How long would the flights be? How many continents? How many countries? Would it be safe?
FIRE YT-Gaming (24 days ago)
Nobody knows exactly
Ezra F. (24 days ago)
Send the thots there and we might not have to relocate somewhere else.
Pax 1205 (24 days ago)
Simply you don't
Conttino (24 days ago)
Well in some distant future only way how to travel through would be having craft with some force field around the hull keeping that gas out of contact with walls and lets say anti-gravity engine. No other way :D
One planet I hope to explore on elite dangerous They need those kind of updates
Andy c (24 days ago)
Interesting, never knew that, always thought it was a solid mass surrounded by clouds
Ripe Peaches (24 days ago)
Ok but how did you know all these tho?
FudgePugs 17 (24 days ago)
I guess Jupiter ate too much Taco Bell...
hwalliciouz tbz (24 days ago)
5-year-old me would be capable of committing suicide after watching this video (5-year-old me srsly wanted to be the first person on jupiter)
X-Gamer Mertamez (24 days ago)
If You Jump Into Jupiter You Will Have A Big FALL...
Notice me senpai (24 days ago)
How the hell do we even know all this is beyond me
p 3vedi (24 days ago)
spectrosopes, learnt in astronomy class...it uses visible light to decipher what gas it is
ZUO (25 days ago)
So...Is their rlly a land on jupiter??

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